DeepMind Unveils SAFE: An AI-Powered Tool for Fact-Checking LLMs

  • DeepMind introduces SAFE, an AI tool to fact-check LLMs like ChatGPT.
  • SAFE automatically verifies responses, addressing accuracy concerns with LLM outputs.
  • Methodology mirrors human fact-checkers, utilizing Google Search for cross-verification.
  • Testing demonstrates SAFE aligns with human assessments in 72% of cases and outperforms humans in 76% of discrepancies.
  • Code for SAFE is open-source, fostering collaboration and advancing AI accountability.

Main AI News:

DeepMind, the renowned artificial intelligence division of Google, has introduced SAFE, an innovative AI solution designed to verify the accuracy of Large Language Models (LLMs) such as ChatGPT. This pioneering system, detailed in a published paper on the arXiv preprint server, addresses the pressing issue of ensuring the reliability of results generated by LLMs.

LLMs like ChatGPT have garnered significant attention for their ability to produce written content, answer queries, and tackle mathematical challenges. However, their susceptibility to inaccuracies undermines their utility, necessitating manual verification of their outputs—an inherently time-consuming process that diminishes their practical value.

In response to this challenge, DeepMind’s team of researchers has developed SAFE, an AI application engineered to automatically assess the validity of responses provided by LLMs, highlighting potential inaccuracies. Leveraging a methodology akin to that of human fact-checkers, SAFE dissects claims or assertions within LLM-generated responses and utilizes Google Search to identify relevant sources for cross-verification. This novel approach culminates in the creation of a Search-Augmented Factuality Evaluator (SAFE), an advanced system poised to enhance the reliability of LLM outputs.

In rigorous testing, DeepMind’s researchers evaluated SAFE’s efficacy by employing it to verify approximately 16,000 facts extracted from responses generated by various LLMs. Comparative analysis against human (crowdsourced) fact-checkers revealed that SAFE aligned with human assessments in 72% of cases. Impressively, when discrepancies arose between SAFE’s evaluations and those of human checkers, SAFE emerged as the accurate arbiter 76% of the time, underscoring its robustness and reliability.

DeepMind has underscored its commitment to transparency and collaboration by releasing the code for SAFE, thereby empowering researchers and developers worldwide to harness its capabilities. The availability of SAFE on the open-source platform GitHub represents a significant milestone in advancing the integrity and trustworthiness of AI-driven technologies, signaling a paradigm shift towards more accountable and dependable AI applications.


DeepMind’s SAFE represents a significant advancement in bolstering the reliability of AI-generated content. Offering an automated solution for fact-checking LLM outputs addresses a crucial concern in the market regarding the accuracy and trustworthiness of AI-driven technologies. This development underscores the growing importance of accountability and transparency in AI applications, paving the way for more dependable and credible AI solutions in the market. Companies and industries reliant on AI-generated content can leverage SAFE to enhance their processes, instilling greater confidence in the reliability of their outputs.