ECOGEN: Transforming Ecological Monitoring with AI-Generated Bird Songs 


  • Deep learning influences ecological monitoring through bird song analysis.
  • Challenges arise when identifying unfamiliar or sparsely documented bird species.
  • ECOGEN, developed by the University of Moncton, generates lifelike bird sounds to enhance AI training.
  • Waveform representation preserves audio data integrity in the synthesis process.
  • ECOGEN improves bird song classification accuracy by 12% on average.
  • It contributes to the conservation of endangered bird species and enhances understanding of their behavior.
  • ECOGEN’s potential extends to other animal categories, such as mammals, fish, insects, and amphibians.
  • The process involves transforming recordings into spectrograms and generating AI images.

Main AI News:

The transformative power of deep learning has left an indelible mark on various fields, and its influence continues to extend across diverse domains. One such remarkable application lies in the realm of ornithology and ecology—facilitating the monitoring of rare avian species through their distinctive songs.

The Challenge of Bird Identification

Distinguishing between bird species based on their vocalizations has become more accessible, thanks to the proliferation of mobile applications and software tailored for ecologists and the wider public. However, a formidable challenge arises when these identification tools encounter unfamiliar bird species or those with limited reference recordings.

Introducing ECOGEN: A Breakthrough Solution

Addressing this conundrum head-on, a team of researchers at the esteemed University of Moncton, Canada, has unveiled ECOGEN—an innovative solution designed to generate lifelike bird sounds. These synthesized bird songs serve as valuable additions to the audio samples of underrepresented avian species. The primary objective? To bolster the training data for AI-based audio identification tools employed in ecological monitoring.

Navigating Complex Audio Synthesis

The creation of authentic-sounding audio brings with it numerous complexities, particularly the need for a substantial number of audio samples for synthesis. Various audio file formats are employed in this endeavor, but many of them result in information loss, compromising the quality of audio samples. Here, the waveform representation emerges as a standout format, preserving the integrity of audio data without compromise.

ECOGEN’s Ingenious Approach

ECOGEN takes on this challenge by ingeniously generating novel instances of bird sounds, thereby enhancing AI models. Its capabilities allow for the expansion of sound libraries for species with limited available recordings—all without harming the animals or requiring additional fieldwork.

Impressive Results

In a groundbreaking development, researchers observed that the incorporation of synthetic bird song samples produced by ECOGEN led to an average 12% improvement in bird song classification accuracy. Dr. Nicolas Lecomte, one of the lead researchers, emphasized the pressing need for automated tools like acoustic monitoring to track biodiversity changes driven by global fluctuations in animal populations. Notably, current AI models used for species identification in acoustic monitoring often lack comprehensive reference libraries.

A Path to Conservation and Understanding

The significance of generating synthetic bird songs extends beyond mere classification improvements. It holds the potential to contribute significantly to the conservation of endangered avian species while shedding light on their vocalizations, behaviors, and habitat preferences.

Expanding Horizons

Dr. Lecomte envisions broader applications for ECOGEN, noting its potential utility in other animal categories such as mammals, fish, insects, and amphibians. While initially developed for avian species, ECOGEN’s adaptability promises to extend its benefits to a wide range of creatures.

The ECOGEN Process Unveiled

ECOGEN’s operational framework involves the transformation of bird song recordings into spectrograms—a visual representation of sounds. Subsequently, it generates AI images based on these spectrograms, effectively enriching the dataset specifically for rare species with limited recordings. These newly generated spectrograms are then converted back into audio format, facilitating the training of bird sound identification models. In this groundbreaking study, the researchers leveraged a dataset comprising 23,784 wild bird recordings from various global sources, encompassing 264 distinct species.

In a world where technology meets conservation, ECOGEN stands as a testament to the power of innovation in preserving our planet’s diverse and endangered wildlife. With its ability to generate realistic bird songs, this cutting-edge solution paves the way for a brighter future in ecological monitoring and species preservation.


ECOGEN’s innovative approach to AI-generated bird songs not only advances ecological monitoring but also holds promise for a broader range of animal species. This breakthrough has the potential to reshape the market for AI-driven ecological tools and significantly impact conservation efforts worldwide.