GPU Shortage Resolved, Yet New Challenge Emerges

  • Demand for high-performance GPUs surges amidst global AI expansion.
  • NVIDIA’s GPU supply constrained by TSMC’s CoWoS packaging capacity.
  • TSMC ramps up CoWoS production, stabilizing GPU shipments.
  • Mark Zuckerberg anticipates power supply as the next bottleneck for AI.
  • Data center construction intensifies to accommodate AI development trends.
  • Regulatory hurdles and lengthy lead times hinder power plant construction.
  • Meta collaborates with Silicon Ranch for solar power supply to data centers.
  • Elon Musk warns of impending power shortages for AI development.
  • Sam Altman underscores the need for clean energy breakthroughs in AI advancement.

Main AI News:

Amidst the global proliferation of cutting-edge AI technologies like those developed by OpenAI, the demand for high-performance GPU has surged. Notably, NVIDIA’s GPU offerings have struggled to keep pace with this demand, frequently experiencing stock shortages. Analysis of the industry reveals that NVIDIA relies on TSMC for the manufacturing of its high-performance GPUs, utilizing CoWoS packaging technology. However, the production capacity of TSMC’s advanced CoWoS packaging has proven insufficient to meet the burgeoning needs of the AI market. Nevertheless, TSMC has taken proactive measures to expand its CoWoS production capabilities, resulting in a gradual stabilization of NVIDIA’s GPU shipments as capacity grows.

However, the easing of the GPU shortage has heralded a new set of challenges.

In a recent public statement, Mark Zuckerberg, CEO of Meta, announced that the shortage of GPUs in AI data centers is being addressed, but anticipates that the next bottleneck will be power supply. With the availability of GPUs improving, companies are now ramping up significant investments in the construction of data centers and associated infrastructure to align with the prevailing trends in AI development. Zuckerberg foresees power supply as the forthcoming hurdle in AI advancement. He highlights that many new data centers could demand between 50 to 100 megawatts, with larger facilities requiring up to 150 megawatts. As the power consumption of data centers continues to escalate, the AI industry may soon encounter constraints in power availability.

Unlike the AI sector, the energy industry faces considerable challenges in erecting new power plants. Regulatory hurdles, particularly concerning nuclear energy, alongside issues of power transmission planning and construction, often result in lengthy lead times from planning to grid integration. Consequently, capital investments frequently fail to yield immediate results, causing a significant lag in the delivery of additional power supply compared to the construction of data centers.

To preempt a potential power crisis on the horizon, reports suggest that Meta is collaborating with Silicon Ranch, a solar energy firm based in Georgia, to provide power to its data centers.

Similarly, Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla, issued a warning in April 2024 regarding the trajectory of AI development, cautioning that the next bottleneck will be power, with insufficient electricity to sustain all the chips by the following year. Furthermore, Sam Altman, CEO of OpenAI, has emphasized that AI’s power consumption will surpass current projections, underscoring the need for breakthroughs in clean energy to propel future AI development.


The transition from resolving GPU shortages to addressing power supply challenges signifies a critical juncture for the AI market. As demand for AI technologies continues to soar, companies must navigate regulatory obstacles and invest in sustainable energy solutions to sustain the industry’s growth trajectory. Failure to address these challenges promptly could impede AI innovation and disrupt market stability.