The Power of Generative AI: Revolutionizing Military Operations


  • US Air Force colonel successfully employs large-language model (LLM) for military tasks, indicating the potential of generative AI.
  • Pentagon conducts experiments to develop data integration and digital platforms, with participation from US allies.
  • LLMs show promise in expediting information requests, with one AI tool completing a task in just 10 minutes.
  • LLMs fed with classified operational information aim to enhance decision-making, sensor systems, and firepower.
  • Companies like Palantir and Anduril are developing AI-based decision platforms for the military.
  • Microsoft enables access to AI models from OpenAI through the Azure Government cloud service.
  • Ongoing military exercise tests LLMs’ ability to generate novel options for strategic planning.
  • Concerns about bias, misinformation, and hacking drive the Pentagon’s cautious approach.
  • Collaborations with tech security firms help evaluate the trustworthiness of AI-enabled systems.
  • Bloomberg News demonstration reveals LLM’s insights on a hypothetical conflict between the US and China over Taiwan.

Main AI News:

Excitement fills the air as Matthew Strohmeyer, a US Air Force colonel, shares his exhilarating experience with the latest breakthrough in military technology. Strohmeyer, who has long been involved in data-based exercises within the US Defense Department, recently embarked on a groundbreaking endeavor: employing a large-language model (LLM) to tackle military tasks. The outcome? Astonishingly successful and remarkably swift.

Large-language models, such as OpenAI’s ChatGPT and Google’s Bard, are powered by extensive training on vast volumes of internet data. These models possess the ability to predict and generate human-like responses to user prompts, marking a pivotal advancement in the realm of artificial intelligence (AI). Recognizing their potential, the US military has set its sights on harnessing the power of generative AI.

As part of a comprehensive series of experiments spearheaded by the Pentagon’s digital and AI office, five LLMs are being put through their paces. These trials focus on developing data integration and digital platforms across the military and involve the active participation of US allies. While the specific LLMs undergoing testing remain undisclosed, it is worth noting that San Francisco-based startup Scale AI’s cutting-edge Donovan product is among the platforms being evaluated.

The introduction of LLMs represents a significant departure for the military, where digitization and connectivity have been limited. Currently, requesting information from a particular branch of the military can be a time-consuming process, requiring hours or even days of effort from multiple staff members. However, during one test, an AI tool successfully fulfilled a request within a mere 10 minutes.

Colonel Strohmeyer is quick to emphasize that while this feat is impressive, it does not signify immediate readiness for widespread deployment. Nonetheless, the fact that it was achieved in real-time using classified operational information indicates that the integration of LLMs into military operations may be imminent.

Classified operational data has been fed into these models, empowering them to provide informed responses to sensitive inquiries. The ultimate objective of these exercises is to enhance the US military’s capabilities by utilizing AI-enabled data for decision-making, sensor systems, and even firepower.

Numerous companies, including Palantir Technologies Inc. and Anduril Industries Inc., are actively developing AI-based decision platforms for the Pentagon. Microsoft Corp. has recently announced that users of the Azure Government cloud computing service can access AI models from OpenAI, further highlighting the growing collaboration between technology and defense.

Running until July 26, the ongoing military exercise serves as a vital testing ground for exploring uncharted possibilities. Officials are keen to ascertain whether LLMs can generate entirely new options that have never before been considered—an exciting prospect for strategic planning.

However, concerns surrounding generative AI persist, particularly regarding its potential to perpetuate biases and disseminate incorrect information with unwarranted confidence. The susceptibility of AI systems to various forms of hacking, including data poisoning, is another pressing issue. Recognizing these risks, the Pentagon is actively engaged in this experiment, endeavoring to gain a thorough understanding of information sources. Collaborating with tech security firms, the Defense Department is diligently testing and evaluating the reliability of AI-enabled systems.

In a riveting demonstration, Bloomberg News fed an LLM—Scale AI’s Donovan—60,000 pages of open-source data, encompassing military documents from the US and China. Prompting the model with questions regarding a potential conflict in Taiwan, the system swiftly delivered a series of bullet points with explanations. According to Donovan, direct US intervention involving ground, air, and naval forces would likely be necessary, though the rapid incapacitation of China’s military would present challenges. In a testament to the complexity of the situation, the system concluded that there is little consensus among military circles regarding the outcome of a hypothetical conflict between the US and China over Taiwan.


The adoption of large-language models (LLMs) in the US military signifies a paradigm shift in strategic operations. The successful integration of generative AI opens new avenues for efficient information processing and decision-making within the military. This development creates opportunities for companies specializing in AI-based decision platforms, such as Palantir and Anduril, as they contribute to the defense market. Microsoft’s collaboration with OpenAI further solidifies the partnership between technology and the military.

However, the market should take note of concerns surrounding bias, misinformation, and cybersecurity risks associated with LLMs. Collaborations with tech security firms are essential in building trust and ensuring the reliability of AI-enabled systems. Overall, the growing prominence of generative AI in military operations represents a significant market opportunity for businesses operating in the defense and technology sectors.